The ABC on Websites & Web Hosting

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More and more businesses are expanding online, turning from a local store to one spreading around the world. The best and easiest way to do it is through a web site, which is why any business owner nowadays needs to learn a thing or two about websites and web hosting.

What’s to know about websites in a nutshell?

It's vital that you get behind the essential aspects of websites before you try to understand about web hosting.

Any website includes interlinked web pages that are easy (or not) to access from anyone; they’re also listed with just one domain name. The website and the domain name aren't the same things. The free sites are easy to access from anybody, from any device (with an internet connection).

A person, a group, a company, and even a governmental organization can own a website. All websites out there give the WWW (world wide web).

What are the elements of a website?

Any website includes three main elements:

·       Domain name

Computers use numbers (IP addresses) for communicating with each other. As we know, the human's memory is somewhat limited, which is why the DNS (Domain Name System) was developed. The DNS works like a phone book, listing the IP addresses and the Domain Name for every address.

·       Site files

They are the web pages that people are going to see when accessing a site. They may contain media files, scripts, photos, graphics, and all sorts of .html data. The data informs the web hosting server about the final look of the page. The servers are going to send the files and list the precise command so that the website looks as intended.

·       Web hosting servers

When you have a business, it's going to move wherever you move, physically speaking. If you're running your shop in a new town, the new storefront is still going to be your business. It's a similar situation for the web hosting.

Web hosting servers represent the space you’re renting for your online store. All the information, data, and the saved files that give your website have to be secured in some place. Your files can only exist thanks to the hosting services.

Which kinds of web hosting are more common?

Even though there are several types of web hosting, some of them are more popular than others. Scroll down for the details:

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·       Shared web hosting

This type of web hosting is the most affordable type as you're going to share (the name pretty much says it all) the server with other websites so that the costs are lower. When your business is still small, and you don't have a generous budget to spend for the web hosting, it's wiser that you go with the shared hosting.

You should keep in mind that there are some downsides related to it, as the sudden high traffic of any of the sites on the shared server is going to alter the performance of the other sites from the server.

·       Dedicated web hosting

The opposite of the shared web hosting is the dedicated web hosting, where you're the single owner and user of a server. The performance of your website isn't going to suffer on the cause of other web sites.

The main pet peeve is the cost, as you’re going to have to pay the extra buck for this type of web hosting. However, you’re going to enjoy better tech resources than in the case of shared hosting.

The security of your site isn’t going to be altered by the traffic from another site either. Any business that is going through growing sales numbers should go with the dedicated web hosting. Anyone that has an impressive email database should also choose the dedicated web hosting.

·       Cloud hosting

When various aspects of your website are shared across multiple servers (working together as a "cloud"), you're using cloud hosting. The best thing about this type of web hosting that a faulty web server problem isn't going to alter the performance of your site as another server is going to take its place, making your website running.

If your site has a lot of traffic and you want to avoid the bandwidth problems, you should go with cloud hosting.

·       VPS hosting

Virtual Private Server (VPS) is somewhere in between the shared and the dedicated hosting. Even if you’re still sharing the server, you’re still going to enjoy a specific area. It means that you’re not that exposed to slowdowns from other sites on the same server. Companies that experience higher traffic should go with the VPS web hosting.

Ease of use, dependability, and excellent security are the main advantages for the VPS hosting. Let's not forget the flexibility as you can do all sorts of changes to your system.

·       Collocated hosting

It’s not uncommon for large websites that have their own IT team to use collocated hosting. They have their server, using it as host space. They take care of the server, being able to install all sorts of scripts and applications.

·       Personal hosting

It's not impossible to host the website on your computer, but it's wiser not to do it. For instance, if you're a fan of computing power-intensive games such as ARK and want to take it to the next level, you should look into moving your gaming skills to a dedicated ARK hosting server, according to Informinc.

Do you know your hosting needs?

No matter the type of web hosting you're going with in the end, you should start by knowing what you want from your website. Here are some issues to think about:

·       What kind of website do you plan to create? Is it going to be a virtual storefront or a WordPress blog?

·       How is traffic going to be?

·       Should you use e-commerce functions for your site? Are you going to need technical support? Are you interested in managing business transactions on the site? Should you also use a specific type of shopping cart software?

·       Do you expect growth shortly?

·       Are you going to use a specific software or Windows applications?

·       Do you need some scripting support?

·       What’s the future look like in 6 months? How about next year?

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Why does the infrastructure matter?

There are many aspects to take into consideration when selecting the type of web hosting and the host, but one thing that customers often forget about is the infrastructure.

More often than not, infrastructure impacts the reliability, speed, and the safety of your website.

Here are some of the aspects that reflect the infrastructure of the web host:

·       Safety

You want 24/7 video monitoring, critical monitoring, and safe access to the data center. It's also essential that the space option is flexible so that you may go larger when the business is growing. You also don't want your site to be exposed to frequent failure issues.

·       Reliability

Servers have to go through continuous temperature and humidity checking. HVAC power and redundant power are going to count for the consistent performance of your website later one. Fire-threat detection and suppression systems are also important keys for the reliability of your website. You may not know it, but having the cabinets and racks seismically braced even matters for the excellent performance of your website.

·       Redundancy

Your future web host should be able to provide complete network redundancy with dependable data storage and data backups.

·       Engineering& design

Look for the web hosting that provides essential data centers, redundant network connections, and multi-homes. Great quality servers, firewall equipment, and interest in offering the best services are also to be desired in a web host.

One last thought before you go

You should never undermine the importance of web hosting, mainly if your business or any other aspect of your life depends on it. Getting behind web hosting is one way to make sure that you always succeed.

Other resources

https://www.domain.com/blog/2018/11/15/web-hosting-101/?utm_source=google&utm_medium=genericsearch&kclickid=93279c05-ac79-4243-9e80-9a7f1cc6a304&kenshoo_ida=Domain.com%20IDA&gclid=CjwKCAjw04vpBRB3EiwA0Iieaj1j6CPVzOP2GO8pr342pShC27rY714mK4lsb7GdrW1PsOfmukdQ1BoCnrQQAvD_BwE

https://www.quicksprout.com/everything-about-web-hosting/

https://whdb.com/blog/web-hosting-basics/